Word Type | Verbs

A verb is an action or a “state of being”.

Actions are things that you do.  Examples of action verbs: run, eat, think, study, cook, and drive.

State of being” verbs establish or connect to the status (condition, state of being, the way something is) of someone or something. These are not things you can do, for example: am, are, is, was, were, be, being.

Examples of the verb as a “state of being”:

  • How are you?
  • I am fine, thank you.
  • Where were you?
  • I was at home.


To use verbs you must start with the infinitive of the verb.

The infinitive of a verb is the form of the verb before you change it or use it.

  • We use “to” with the infinitive form to name the verbs, examples:  to run, to eat, to go, to be, to have
  • All verbs have an infinitive form.
  • Infinitives are not a tense – they are not past, present or future.
  • Infinitives only tell us the name of the verb.

All the tenses of one verb have the same infinitive.  The infinitive of  “go” is “to go”.  Remember that the infinitive is the verb form before we change it to tell a time.

Verb Infinitive
go to go
went to go
will go to go
smile to smile
smiled to smile
will smile to smile