Parts of Speech | Quick Reference

All words are divided into grammar groups.

The grammar groups are called parts of speech or word types.

The groups are:

  1. Nouns (people, places, or things)
  2. Verbs (the state or action word in a sentence)
  3. Adjectives (give more information about nouns)
  4. Adverbs (give more information about verbs)
  5. Determiners (words that come before most nouns)
  6. Prepositions (give information about place and time)
  7. Pronouns (replace nouns)
  8. Conjunctions (join sentences)


(The numbers in the example below refer to the numbers in the list above.)

parts of speech example

Remember that what part of speech a word is depends on how it is used in the sentence.


Each part of speech

  • has its own rules.
  • is necessary to write grammatically correct sentences.



Basic Writing for ESL Students