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Venice Lagoon, 1879. James Whistler When a question is a "Yes/No" question, noun clauses begin with either "if" or "whether". Let's practice writing sentences both ways. Also, the phrase "or not" is often added at the end of the sentence.
For answers 1 to 12, use "if" in your answer.

1. Excuse me. Is there a park near here?

Sorry, I don't know Sorry, I don't know if there's a park near here.

2. Did Mary buy her cell phone online?

I'm not sureI'm not sure if Mary bought her cell phone online.

3. Are the vegetables at Whole Foods expensive?

I have no ideaI have no idea if the vegetables at Whole Foods are expensive.

4. Does this camera work?

I can't sayI can't say if this camera works.

5. Do the teachers have a meeting every week?

I can't tell youI can't tell you if the teachers have a meeting every week.

6. Is the language lab open on Saturdays?

You should ask the teacherYou should ask the teacher if the language lab is open on Saturdays.

7. Did your friend Juan play soccer in Mexico?

I'm not sure ..... or not.I'm not sure if Juan played soccer in Mexico or not.

8. Is the new Great Gatsby movie very good?

I don't know I don't know if the new Great Gatsby movie is very good.

9. Has the plane to Chicago left yet?

I don't know ... or not.I don't know if the plane to Chicago has left or not.

10. Is Lydia going to be my nurse?

They didn't sayThey didn't say if Lydia is going to be your nurse.

11. Did a man in a green hat just walk by here?

I don't knowI don't know if a man in a green hat walked by here.

12. Did my sister leave a message?

I'm not sureI'm not sure if your sister left a message.

For [...]
Thu, Oct 18, 2012, Continue reading at the source
"The Waterfall" Henri Rousseau, 1910

Combine the two sentences. Change the underlined pronoun in the second sentence to a relative pronoun such as "that", "who", or "whose". Make sure your adjective clause immediately follows the noun it modifies, even if you have to break the main clause.

After writing the sentences, listen to each correct sentence and repeat it after the speaker.

1. I like people. They are good listeners.

I like people who are good listeners.

2. I bought a computer. It doesn't work very well.

I bought a computer that doesn't work very well.

3. She's a woman. She always eats nutritious food.

She's a woman who always eats nutritious food.

4. This is the camera. I bought it last week.

This is the camera that I bought last week.This is the camera I bought last week.

5. These are the photographs. I told you about them.

These are the photographs that I told you about.These are the photographs I told you about.

6. I notice people. They wear colorful clothes.

I notice people who wear colorful clothes.

7. I finally bought the dress. I tried it on three times yesterday.

I finally bought the dress that I tried on three times yesterday.I finally bought the dress I tried on three times yesterday.

8. The movie wasn't very interesting. I saw it last night.

The movie that I saw last night wasn't very interesting. The movie I saw last night wasn't very interesting.

9. I know a teacher. Her classes are always full.

I know a teacher whose classes are always full.

10. She's the excellent nurse. I wanted to tell you about her.

She's the excellent nurse who I wanted to tell you about.She's the excellent nurse I wanted to tell you about.

11. I didn't like the car. I test drove it yesterday.

I didn't like the car that I test drove [...]
Wed, Oct 05, 2011, Continue reading at the source

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