These blogs have ideas, information, lessons, and exercises on grammar.
(Click on the picture to enlarge it)
After "hope", use a clause in the present tense to talk about the future. For example, "I hope I get a raise next week." Notice that the clause "I get a raise next week" is in the present tense.
After "wish", use the simple past tense in the clause that follows. Use the special conjugation for "be" in the past: I were, He were, She were, It were, We were, You were, They were.
"I wish I had a good oven." (The reality is, I don't have a good oven.) "I wish my son weren't in New York". The reality is, my son is in New York, and I will miss him.
Complete the following sentences. You'll find a scrambled cue in the drop down menu. Click on the drop down menu, and you'll see the answer.
1. I hope
my son/me/visit/soonmy son visits me soon.
2. Maria hopes
not/she/for the party/lateshe isn't late for the party.
3. Sam wishes
not/he/class/today/miss class/have tohe didn't have to miss class today.
4. Mr. and Mrs. Philo saw a little leak in their ceiling. They hope
need/a new roof/not/theythey don't need a new roof.
5. Alvin wishes [...]
The Present Unreal Conditional is how you can express a hypothetical situation, a fantasy, or any alternative to what is real in this moment. This type of sentence has two clauses: a condition clause in the past tense and a result clause: "would" plus a verb's base form. For the verb "be", in the condition clause, use "were" for all subject pronouns. This all may sound a little complicated, but if you try the following exercise, you'll get a feeling for it.
1. Tim feels sick today. If he well, come to school. felt ... he'd
2. Mary doesn't like to play soccer. If she to play soccer, join our game on Sunday. liked ... she'd
3. The students enjoy reading and listening to stories. If they enjoy reading and listening to stories, the teacher choose that activity. didn't ... wouldn't
4. Harry doesn't need a used car. If he a new car, go to Rick Pollack's Used Car Lot. He'd find a different vendor. needed ... he wouldn't
5. The workers don't receive decent wages. do much better work if good salaries. They'd ... they received
6. My wife [...]
and The United States" 1932, by Frida Khalo
If there is a base form of a verb after "will", such as "cook", "bake", "play", "talk" indicating action, then just use the subject with "will". Use a contraction if there is a subject pronoun. If "will" is not followed by an action but by a noun or an adjective, then use "will be". Try the following exercises. Check the drop down menu on the right of the sentence for the answer.
1. see you tomorrow. I'll
2. here at 8:30 tomorrow morning. Juan will be
3. the new president of the company. She'll be
4. thirsty if I talk too much. I'll be
5. learn a lot of new words this week. We'll
6. get married in March of next year. Tom and Mary will
7. in San Francisco next month. They'll be
8. probably rain a lot next month. It'll
9. ready next Thursday. You can pick them up then. Your shoes will be
10. take the mid term exam again? Will you
11. Probably, cloudy most of the day tomorrow. it'll be
12. get married in March of next year. [...]