grammar | daily

These blogs have ideas, information, lessons, and exercises on grammar.

If somebody is kicked out of a place, they are forced to leave. [...]
Sat, Oct 21, 2017, Continue reading at the source
to demolish a building or other structure [...]
Tue, Sep 19, 2017, Continue reading at the source
to cause a reaction of some sort, especially from an audience [...]
Thu, Sep 14, 2017, Continue reading at the source
"Gonconda" Rene Magritte, 1953
(Click on the picture to enlarge it)

After "hope", use a clause in the present tense to talk about the future. For example, "I hope I get a raise next week." Notice that the clause "I get a raise next week" is in the present tense.

After "wish", use the simple past tense in the clause that follows. Use the special conjugation for "be" in the past: I were, He were, She were, It were, We were, You were, They were.
"I wish I had a good oven." (The reality is, I don't have a good oven.) "I wish my son weren't in New York". The reality is, my son is in New York, and I will miss him.

Complete the following sentences. You'll find a scrambled cue in the drop down menu. Click on the drop down menu, and you'll see the answer.

1. I hope
my son/me/visit/soonmy son visits me soon.

2. Maria hopes
not/she/for the party/lateshe isn't late for the party.

3. Sam wishes
not/he/class/today/miss class/have tohe didn't have to miss class today.

4. Mr. and Mrs. Philo saw a little leak in their ceiling. They hope
need/a new roof/not/theythey don't need a new roof.

5. Alvin wishes
expensive/not/so/the vegetablesthe vegetables weren't so expensive.

6. The workers hope
their employer/their salaries/raise/this year their employer raises their salaries this year.

7. The teachers hope
do/the students/on the exam/wellthe students do well on the exam.

8. David wishes
a job/to find/easier/itit were easier to find a job.

9. I'm having a great time on my vacation in Hawaii. I wish
here/youyou were here.

10. My wife wishes
have/my daughter/such a/dog/not/largemy daughter didn't have such a large dog.

11. Maria hopes
time/have/to cook/her family/tonight/for/sheshe has time to cook for her family tonight.

12: I was looking forward to going to the beach. I wish
raining/not/it it weren't [...]
Thu, Nov 15, 2012, Continue reading at the source
"Breakfast" by Paul Signac
The Present Unreal Conditional is how you can express a hypothetical situation, a fantasy, or any alternative to what is real in this moment. This type of sentence has two clauses: a condition clause in the past tense and a result clause: "would" plus a verb's base form. For the verb "be", in the condition clause, use "were" for all subject pronouns. This all may sound a little complicated, but if you try the following exercise, you'll get a feeling for it.

1. Tim feels sick today. If he well, come to school. felt ... he'd

2. Mary doesn't like to play soccer. If she to play soccer, join our game on Sunday. liked ... she'd

3. The students enjoy reading and listening to stories. If they enjoy reading and listening to stories, the teacher choose that activity. didn't ... wouldn't

4. Harry doesn't need a used car. If he a new car, go to Rick Pollack's Used Car Lot. He'd find a different vendor. needed ... he wouldn't

5. The workers don't receive decent wages. do much better work if good salaries. They'd ... they received

6. My wife and I aren't interested in quiz shows on TV. If interested in TV quiz shows, watch them more often. we were ... we'd

7. Cynthia is a fine lawyer. If a fine lawyer, be a candidate for the district judge position. she weren't ... she wouldn't

8. Mr. and Mrs. Jones don't own a jet airplane. If a jet airplane, travel to Bermuda more often. they owned ... they'd

9. You aren't losing money with your investments.
chose different companies, if losing money with your investments. You'd ... you were

10. The children don't want [...]
Thu, Nov 01, 2012, Continue reading at the source

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