This is a chart with the 8 parts of speech*. The definitions of each are below the chart. Parts of speech are the names of different types of words in grammar, like “nouns” and “verbs”. Each part has a unique purpose and way to use them. It is important to understand how to use them. You will learn how to use them as you practice.
|part of speech||function or “job”||example words||example sentences|
|Verb||action or state||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must||EnglishClub.com is a web site. I like EnglishClub.com.|
|Noun||thing or person||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John||This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.|
|Adjective||describes a noun||a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting||I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.|
|Adverb||describes a verb, adjective or adverb||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really||My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.|
|Pronoun||replaces a noun||I, you, he, she, some||Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.|
|Preposition||links a noun to another word||to, at, after, on, but||We went to school on Monday.|
|Conjunction||joins clauses or sentences or words||and, but, when||I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.|
|Interjection||short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well||Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.|
- Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At EnglishClub.com, they use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are:
- Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech:
- Lexical Verbs (work, like, run)
- Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)
- Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives
Many English verbs are action words, expressing what is happening (do, work). Some verbs are state words, expressing a situation (be, have).
Nouns represent people (teacher, Mary), places (town, Asia) and things (table, music).
An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun (big, red, expensive).
An adverb tells us more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb (loudly, very).
Determiners are words like the, an, this that come at the beginning of a noun phrase.
A preposition expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word (at, in, on, from).
Pronouns are small words like you, ours, some that can take the place of a noun.
Conjunctions join two parts of a sentence (and, but, though).
Interjections are short exclamations with no real grammatical value (ah, dear, er, um).