Quiz for Lessons 286 - 290 - Parts of the Sentence - Sentence Variety

By Daily Grammar

Having learned about phrases and clauses, let’s now use the following phrases and clauses to give variety to our writing: participial phrases, adverb clauses, adjective clauses, compound sentences or verbs.
First identify which of the above ways is used in the sentence, and then rewrite it using the three other ways identifying each of the methods used.
Example: Having finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = participial phrase
You must rewrite it using an adverb clause, adjective clause, and either a compound sentence or a simple sentence with compound verbs.
I finished my lessons, sat back, and gloried in my effort. = compound verbs
After I had finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = adverb clause
I who had finished my lessons sat back and gloried in my effort. = adjective clause
Instructions: Identify the written sentence and rewrite it the other three ways.
1. The gardener who had sprayed the weeds with poison thought about the vacation planned for July.
2. When they saw the curtain go up, the audience gasped in surprise but started applauding loudly.
3. Having amassed a fortune, the man was looking forward to living an easy life.
4. She hurried down to the bank, withdrew all her savings, and hid them under her mattress.
5. The new recruits lined up rapidly, and the officers gave them their orders for the day.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. adjective clause
Having sprayed the weeds with poison, the gardener thought about the vacation planned for July. = participial phrase
As he sprayed the weeds with poison, the gardener thought about the vacation planned for July. = adverb clause
The gardener sprayed the weeds with poison and thought about the vacation planned for July. = compound verbs
2. adverb clause
Seeing the curtain go up, the audience gasped in surprise but started applauding loudly. = participial phrase
The audience saw the curtain go up, gasped in surprise, and started applauding loudly. = compound verbs
The audience who gasped in surprise and started applauding loudly saw the curtain go up. = adjective clause
3. participial phrase
The man who had amassed a fortune was looking forward to living an easy life. = adjective clause
The man had amassed a fortune and was looking forward to living an easy life. = compound verbs
After he had amassed a fortune, the man was looking forward to living an easy life. = adverb clause
4. compound verbs
Hurrying down to the bank, she withdrew all her savings and hid them under her mattress. = participial phrase
After she had hurried down to the bank and withdrawn all her savings, she hid them under her mattress. = adverb clause
She hurried down to the bank and withdrew all her savings which she hid under her mattress. = adjective clause
5. compound sentence
Having lined up rapidly, the new recruits were given their orders for the day by the officers. = participial phrase
After the new recruits had lined up rapidly, the officers gave them their orders for the day. = adverb clause
The new recruits who lined up rapidly were given their orders for the day by the officers. = adjective clause

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Source:: Daily Grammar Lessons