A very long list of adverbs, not all of which end in -ly. A list of adverbs, plus definitions and examples of how to use different types of adverbs in a sentence.
1. What is an adverb?
An adverb refers to any element in a sentence used to modify a verb, adjective, another adverb, or even an entire clause.
An adverb is defined as a word or group of words that serves to modify a whole sentence, a verb, another adverb, or an adjective. For example, “probably,” “easily,” “very,” and “happily” are all adverbs in this sentence: “They could probably easily envy the very happily married couple.” Adverbs typically express some relation of place, time, manner, degree, means, cause, result, exception, etc., and, in many languages, are distinguished by form, as in English by the ending -ly.
Here is a list of commonly used adverbs:
2. What do adverbs modify?
Adverbs can modify a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or an entire clause or sentence. They never modify nouns (that’s an adjective’s job).
Examples of adverbs in sentences
I walked quickly to my next class. [“Quickly” is an adverb modifying the verb “walked.”] She looked very pretty in her new dress. [“Very” is an adverb modifying the adjective “pretty.”] The doctor told us that grandpa’s blood pressure was very steadily rising. [“Very” is an adverb modifying the adverb “steadily.”] Unfortunately, we can’t make it to your party. [“Unfortunately” is an adverb modifying the rest of the sentence.]
3. Conjunctive Adverbs
A conjunctive adverb connects two sentences and provides adverbial emphasis, as “therefore” in “This intersection is dangerous; therefore, motorists should approach it slowly.”
Here is a list of some common conjunctive adverbs:
Examples of conjunctive adverbs in a sentence
My sister is a surgeon; meanwhile, I get nauseous when we dissect things in Bio class!
You better pass this test, otherwise you’re not going to the party.
If he drives my car, then he better put gas in it!
We really want to go to the concert; however, there’s a family dinner the same night.
They got caught in a major traffic jam; thus, they were late to movie.
4. Adverbs that don’t end in -ly
It’s easy to assume that all adverbs end in -ly, since so many do, but that isn’t always the case.
Here is a list of adverbs that don’t end in -ly:
What is your favorite adverb?