By Daily Grammar
Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. Jim and his friend Ryan had planned to return to Canada.
2. Although we searched everywhere, Curtis could find no trace of his shoes.
3. Alaina wrote an original poem, and her mother corrected her spelling.
4. Since he was entrusted with the secret, Fred became very serious, and he was no longer a practical joker.
5. The real story is that he was injured while he was hiking.
–For answers scroll down.
1. had planned = verb, Jim/friend = subjects, his = adjective modifying friend, and = co-ordinate conjunction, Ryan = appositive, to return to Canada = noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object, to return = infinitive, to Canada = adverb prepositional phrase modifying to return, to = preposition, Canada = object of the preposition
2. (although we searched everywhere) = adverb clause modifying could find, searched = verb, we = subject, everywhere = adverb modifying searched, although = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; could find = verb, Curtis = subject, trace = direct object, no = adjective modifying trace, of his shoes = adjective prepositional phrase modifying trace, of = preposition, shoes = object of the preposition, his = adjective modifying shoes
3. wrote = verb, Alaina = subject, poem = direct object, an/original = adjectives modifying poem; and = co-ordinate conjunction, corrected = verb, mother = subject, spelling = direct object, her = adjective modifying mother, her = adjective modifying spelling
4. (since he was entrusted with the secret) = adverb clause modifying became, was entrusted = verb, he = subject, with the secret = adverb prepositional phrase modifying was entrusted, with = preposition, secret = object of the preposition, the = adjective modifying secret, since = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; became = verb, Fred = subject, serious = predicate adjective modifying Fred, very = adverb modifying serious; and = co-ordinate conjunction, was = verb, he = subject, joker = predicate nominative, a/practical = adjectives modifying joker, longer = adverb modifying was, no = adverb modifying longer
5. is = verb, story = subject, the/real = adjectives modifying story, (that he was injured) = noun clause used as the predicate nominative, was injured = verb, he = subject, that = noun clause introductory word which does not fit grammatically with the sentence; (while he was hiking) = adverb clause modifying was injured, was hiking = verb, he = subject, while = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
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