By Daily Grammar
Instructions: Using all the knowledge learned in the previous lessons, find the verb (v), subjects (subj), predicate nominatives (pn), direct objects (do), appositives (app), nouns of address (na), adjectives (adj), predicate adjectives (pa), adverbs (adv), prepositions (prep), objects of the preposition (op), prepositional phrases (p ph), indirect objects (io), and objective complements (oc) in the following sentences.
If the word is verbal, tell whether it is a gerund, participle, noun infinitive, adjective infinitive, or adverb infinitive. Tell which word the adjective, adverb, prepositional phrase, verbal, orverbal phrase modify.
If the sentence has a dependent clause tell whether it is a noun clause, adverb clause, or adjective clause. Tell which word the adverb and adjective clause modify. Tell how the noun clause is used.
1. We enlarged our house, and after we had finished the work, we moved to Hawaii and never returned.
2. The vacation should be restful, but many people take vacations that are never restful.
3. James said that will be enough, and everyone agreed.
4. Dad went fishing, but Mom stayed home because she wanted to be there when Terri arrived.
5. Although the children were running everywhere, closer observation indicated that they were playing a game, and they had created it themselves.
–For answers scroll down.
1. enlarged = verb, we = subject, house = direct object, our = adjective modifying house; and = co-ordinate conjunction, moved/returned = verbs, we = subject, never = adverb modifying returned, to Hawaii = adverb prepositional phrase modifying moved, to = preposition, Hawaii = object of the preposition; (after we had finished the work) = adverb clause modifying moved/returned, had finished = verb, we = subject, work = direct object, the = adjective modifying work, after = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
2. should be = verb, vacation = subject, restful = predicate adjective modifying vacation, the = adjective modifying vacation; but = co-ordinate conjunction, take = verb, people = subject, vacations = direct object, many = adjective modifying people; (that are never restful) = adjective clause modifying vacations, are = verb, that = subject, restful = predicate adjective modifying that, never = adverb modifying are
3. said = verb, James = subject; (that will be enough) = noun clause used as the direct object, will be = verb, that = subject, enough = predicate adjective; and = co-ordinate conjunction, agreed = verb, everyone = subject
4. went = verb, Dad = subject, fishing = participle used as the predicate adjective; but = co-ordinate conjunction, stayed = verb, Mom = subject, home = adverb modifying stayed; (because she wanted to be there) = adverb clause modifying stayed, wanted = verb, she = subject, to be there = noun infinitive phrase used as the direct object, to be = infinitive, there = adverb modifying to be, because = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; (when Terri arrived) adverb clause modifying to be, arrived = verb, Terri = subject, when = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause
5. (although the children were running everywhere) = adverb clause modifying indicated, were running = verb, children = subject, everywhere = adverb modifying were running, the = adjective modifying children, although = subordinate conjunction introducing the adverb clause; indicated = verb, observation = subject, closer = adjective modifying observation; (that they were playing a game) = noun clause used as the direct object, were playing = verb, they = subject, game = direct object, a = adjective modifying game, that = introductory word that does not fit grammatically with the sentence; and = co-ordinate conjunction, had created = verb, they = subject, it = direct object, themselves = adverb
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