Lesson 288 - Parts of the Sentence - Sentence Variety

By Daily Grammar

Having learned about phrases and clauses, let’s now use the following phrases and clauses to give variety to our writing: participial phrases, adverb clauses, adjective clauses, compound sentences or verbs.
First identify which of the above ways is used in the sentence, and then rewrite it using the three other ways identifying each of the methods used.
Example: Having finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = participial phrase
You must rewrite it using an adverb clause, adjective clause, and either a compound sentence or a simple sentence with compound verbs.
I finished my lessons, sat back, and gloried in my effort. = compound verbs
After I had finished my lessons, I sat back and gloried in my effort. = adverb clause
I who had finished my lessons sat back and gloried in my effort. = adjective clause
Instructions: Identify the written sentence and rewrite it the other three ways.
1. The engineer knew the train was on time, leaned against the side, and sighed with relief.
2. Hoping to have the seating in place by evening, the committee for the Olympics hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road.
3. Mark took a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake before he returned to the cabin for breakfast.
–For answers scroll down.

Answers:
1. compound verbs
Knowing the train was on time, the engineer leaned against the side and sighed with relief. = participial phrase
The engineer that knew the train was on time leaned against the side and sighed with relief. = adjective clause
When the engineer leaned against the side and sighed with relief, he knew the train was on time. = adverb clause
2. participial phrase
The committee for the Olympics hoped to have the seating in place by evening and hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = compound verb
The committee for the Olympics that hoped to have the seating in place by evening hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = adjective clause
Because they hoped to have the seating in place by evening, the committee for the Olympics hurriedly set up bleachers along the main road. = adverb clause
3. adverb clause
Having taken a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake, Mark returned to the cabin for breakfast. = participial phrase
Mark who had taken a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake returned to the cabin for breakfast. = adjective clause
Mark took a quick, refreshing swim in the mountain lake and returned to the cabin for breakfast. = compound verbs

For your convenience, all of our lessons are available on our website in our lesson archive at http://www.dailygrammar.com/archive.html. Our lessons are also available to purchase in an eBook, a FlipBook, and a Workbook format.

Source:: Daily Grammar Lessons