17dec. 2014 | class

Today it is gray and chilly. I am pleased about the cold. Yay! Oh, and then it rained. Just G and I today. She gave me lovely gifts! Matching necklace, earrings, and ring, and a soft, sparkly wrap. Awesome! I will take her to lunch, and we can eat and chat. Wonderful.


To Have – intro and To Do – into

To Have

As a Main Verb

To Have as is used as a main verb to indicate possession of objects, characteristics, relationships and other qualities.

To Have is also used as a main verb to express a number of actions:

  • have breakfast, lunch, dinner, snack
  • have fun
  • have a baby
  • have a fit
  • have time available
  • have questions
  • have a party
  • have a discussion, fight, argument etc.

To Do


The verb to do is used in a number of different ways in English. To do can be used as an auxiliary verb, a verb to speak about action in general, as well as combining with many nouns to express taking care of various tasks.


To Do – Main Verb

To do is used as a principal verb in many set phrases used with the various tasks we do around the house and at work. To do is generally used to express tasks we do, rather than things we make. Of course, there are some exceptions to the rules. Here are some of the main set phrases about tasks we do:

do good
do the dishes
do sport
do exercise
do business
do homework
do yard work


I’ll do the dishes if you make dinner.
Sheila tries to do sport at least three times a week.
He’s done that exercise a number of times.

NOTE: To do exercise is used with a number of different types of exercise. Generally, we use ‘play’ with competitive sports, ‘go’ with activities such as walking, riding, and hiking. ‘Do’ is used with exercises such as yoga, karate, etc.


Jennifer did yoga for two hours this morning.
I try to do some exercises like sit-ups and push-ups every morning.
James does pilates at his local gym.

To Do – Auxiliary Verb

To do is also used as an auxiliary verb in the simple tenses. Remember that the auxiliary verb takes the conjugation in English, so the verb to do will change depending on the tense. Remember that ‘to do’ is used as an auxiliary verb only in the question and negative form. Here is a quick review of the tenses that use to do as an auxiliary verb:

Present simple:


She doesn’t like tofu.
Do you enjoy rock ‘n roll?

Past Simple:


Mary didn’t visit her aunt last week.
Did they talk about the economy?

To Do – General Use Verb

To do is used as the main verb when asking general questions about what happens, is happening, is going to happen, etc.


What are you doing?
What will you do?
What have they done?
What do you do on Saturdays?

Do vs. Make

‘Do’ for Activities

Use the verb ‘do’ to express daily activities or jobs. Notice that these are usually activities that produce no physical object.

do homework
do housework
do the ironing
do the dishes
do a job

‘Do’ for General Ideas

Use the verb ‘do’ when speaking about things in general. In other words, when we do not exactly name an activity. This form is often used with the words ‘something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.’

I’m not doing anything today.
He does everything for his mother.
She’s doing nothing at the moment.

Important Expressions with ‘Do’

There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb ‘do’. These are standard collocations (verb + noun combinations) that are used in English.

do one’s best
do good
do harm
do a favour
do business

The Princess and the Pea
– I gave them printouts, with quiz questions, last week to prepare.

Filed under: Class status, Lecture

Source:: ESL Class Notes

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